Lung Cancer Home > Nicorette Gum

Nicorette Gum is commonly used to help people quit smoking cigarettes. This nonprescription drug works by releasing nicotine as the gum is chewed, which helps reduce the effects of nicotine withdrawal. The amount you use will depend on how many cigarettes you smoke each day. This dose is then slowly decreased to gradually reduce your nicotine dependence. Side effects may include hiccups, nausea, and heartburn.

What Is Nicorette Gum?

Nicorette® Gum (nicotine gum) is a nonprescription medication approved to help people stop smoking (known as smoking cessation). It helps reduce the nicotine withdrawal symptoms that occur when people try to quit.
 
(Click Nicorette Gum Uses for more information on this topic, including possible off-label uses.)
 

Who Makes This Medication?

Nicorette Gum is made by GlaxoSmithKline Consumer Healthcare, L.P.
 

How Does Nicorette Gum Work?

Nicorette Gum is a nicotine replacement medication. When you chew the gum, nicotine is released into your mouth and absorbed into your body, where it replaces the nicotine your body is accustomed to getting from cigarettes. This helps to reduce nicotine withdrawal symptoms, including cravings. As you slowly decrease your dose of nicotine gum, your body adjusts to having less and less nicotine until you no longer need the medication.
 

When and How to Use It

Some general considerations to keep in mind during treatment with Nicorette Gum include the following:
 
  • This medication comes in the form of a gum. The normal dose is one piece of gum, every one to eight hours, for 12 weeks (or sometimes longer).
 
  • Nicotine is only released from the gum when it is chewed; only a small amount of nicotine will be released if the gum is swallowed without chewing.
 
  • Do not chew more than 24 pieces of gum in one day.
 
  • To use this product, slowly chew one piece of gum until it tingles, and then place it between your cheek and gum. When the tingling stops, chew the gum again until the tingling returns. Repeat this process until the gum no longer tingles, which usually takes about 30 minutes.
 
  • Avoid eating or drinking anything for 15 minutes before using the gum, or while the gum is in your mouth. Any food or drink before or during use may decrease the amount of nicotine absorbed into your body.
 
  • If you still have strong cravings after chewing a piece of gum, you may use one additional piece within the hour. However, do not continuously chew one piece after another, as this will increase your risk for side effects.
 
  • For the medication to work properly, it must be used as directed.
 
Written by/reviewed by:
Last reviewed by: Kristi Monson, PharmD;
Last updated/reviewed:
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