Lung Cancer Staging

Mediastinoscopy/Mediastinotomy
A mediastinoscopy can help show whether the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes in the chest. Using a lighted viewing instrument, called a scope, the doctor examines the center of the chest (mediastinum) and nearby lymph nodes.
 
In mediastinoscopy, the scope is inserted through a small incision in the neck; in mediastinotomy, the incision is made in the chest. In either procedure, the scope is also used to remove a tissue sample. The patient receives general anesthesia prior to the procedure.
 
PET Scan
A positron emission tomography (PET) scan is a procedure to find malignant tumor cells in the body. A small amount of radionuclide glucose (sugar) is injected into a vein. The PET scanner rotates around the body and makes a picture of where glucose is being used in the body. Malignant tumor cells show up brighter in the picture because they are more active and take up more glucose than normal cells.
 
(You can read about the specific stages of lung cancer by going to the full eMedTV article: Lung Cancer Stages.)
 
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Lung Cancer Information

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