Lung Cancer Prevention
Understanding the risk factors for the disease and eliminating or minimizing the ones you can control are the first step towards preventing lung cancer. Perhaps the most important aspect of prevention involves quitting (or not starting) use of tobacco products. Other prevention strategies may involve reducing exposure to substances such as asbestos, radon, and arsenic. Studies show that adhering to a diet rich in fruit may be helpful in the prevention of lung cancer.
Lung Cancer Prevention: An OverviewDoctors cannot always explain why one person gets lung cancer and another does not. However, scientists have studied general patterns of lung cancer in the population to learn what things around us and what things we do in our lives may increase our chances of developing lung cancer.
Anything that increases a person's chances of developing a disease is called a risk factor; anything that decreases a person's chances of developing a disease is called a protective factor.
Lung cancer prevention means avoiding the lung cancer risk factors and increasing the protective factors that can be controlled so that a person's chance of developing cancer decreases.
Preventing Lung Cancer: Know the Risk FactorsThe first step in the prevention of lung cancer is knowing the risk factors. Researchers have identified the following lung cancer risk factors:
- Second-hand smoke
- Environmental causes
- Beta-carotene in smokers.
By far the largest risk factor for lung cancer is smoking. Studies show that smoking tobacco products in any form is the major cause of lung cancer. People who stop smoking and never start again lower their risk of developing lung cancer or of having lung cancer come back.
Many products are available to help people trying to quit smoking, including: